Nowshera (also locally known as "Naw" "khaar") is one of the most historical and important district, situated in Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan. It is bordered to the west by Peshawar, to the Northwest by Charsadda and Mardan, to the east by Swabi and to the Southeast by Attock districts. Hence Nowshera possesses a central position in NWFP and its inhabitants are regarded as the most peaceful.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population was 874,373, a population density of 500.2 persons per km². The annual growth rate was 2.9% and the proportion of Urban dwellers was 26%. Muslims form 99% of the population, of the rest, Christian 0.5%; Ahmadi 0.3% and Hindu 0.1%. The main Language is Pashto (91%) followed by Punjabi (3.6%) and Urdu (1.3%) - the literacy rate is 89%. 22.2% of the total population Main occupations: Professionals 5.5%; Technicians 3%; Agriculture workers 21.8%; Elementary occupations 33.6%; Service and shop workers 12.9%; Armed forces 8.5%; Craft and related trade workers 4.5%; Clerks 3.3%Nowshera district has been divided into five provincial assembly constituencies, which are; PF-12, PF-13, PF-14, PF-15 AND PF-16. There are two National assembly constituencies, which are; NA-5 and NA-6. The population will be exceeding 1,300,000 till 2009-10. Total area of Nowshera is 1,748.00 square kilometers. There are residing 608 persons in a square kilometer. Total agricultural area is 52,540.00 hectors. The main source of income of the population is agriculture. Earlier, Nowshera was old Tehsil (sub district) of Peshawar. This is third District of Peshawar division, which was separated from Peshawar. This district is also called joining gate for linking between Central Asia and India.
There are big industries over here. Out of which Nizampur Cement Company (AWT), Fauji Corn Complex at Jehangira, Nowshera Sheet Glass Industries at Adamzai, Pakistan Tobacco Company at Akora Khattak, Associated Industries Ltd. at Amangarh, Ferozsons pharmaceutical at Amangarh, Locomotive factory at Risalpur, Special Export Processing Zone at Risalpur are most prominent. Similarly, a number of various industrial units situated at Pabbi, Risalpur, Amangarh, Akora Khattak, Jehangira and Cherat areas are also making progress from industrial point of view.
During British rule, the British Army's 14/20th Hussars were garrisoned for two years at Risalpur until 1933. It is stated that the 14th/20th Hussars stayed in Risalpur until 1933 in fact they never arrived for their tour of duty in India until early in 1934 and upon arriving from Egypt where they had previously been stationed for two years the disembarked in Karachi and immediately traveled to the North West Frontier Province of Risalpur and Nowshera and stayed there until late in 1936 whereupon they were transferred to Lucknow. Risalpur cantt is also known for its good quality education institutes.
Jehangira is a town and Union council of Nowshera District. It is located at 33°57'46N 72°13'17E with an altitude of 281 metres (925 feet). According to the British record of 1871, Jehangir Khan was the founder of Jehangira town. In the beginning it was known as "Jehangir village" and then became famous as "Jehangira". Geographically, River Kabul dividing this town in to two Union councils and two districts. Eastern union council is under Swabi District, while the western is under Nowshera District. Majority of the people of eastern part are KHATTAK, AWANS & YUSUFZI; most of them are belong to agriculture. The western part is a commercial zone famous for marble industries and Kabab (famous food), etc. Markets, industries, bus stands and railway station boosts the familiarity of the western part. A Famous Tomb of Sheikh Baba is situated in the Eastern Part of the City and is called "Mohallah Sheikh Baba". In 1834 a Hindu "Baniya" was converted into Islam by the famous religious family of the town called Haji Azim Family. Baba Jee lived there until his death. An annual "URS" is celebrated each year on 12th Rabiul Awal on the Mazar Of Sheikh Baba. A large number of people gather there and get blessed on the occasion.
Besides, strong Industrial foundation, historical scenes are available for interest of tourists. River Kabul is flowing with Nowshera City and combines with River Sindh at Kund, which is worth seeing. A number of lush green parks and beautiful places, like; Cherat, Manki Sharif, Saidukhel, Company Baagh, Kund park, Manglot wildlife park at Nizampur and Azakhel park provide excellent scenic views and always become sources of rejuvenation to the visitors. Likewise, Bahadur Baba ziarat, Kaka Sahib ziarat, Khushal Khan Khattak memorial library and Maqbara (tomb) all deserve to pay a visit.
Cherat is a hill station in Nowshera District in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Cherat fort is used by elite Special Services Group of Pakistan Army. The Pakistan Special Services Group SSG headquarters is in Cherat, so for that reason the area is off limits to the public. Cherat is located at 33°49'0N 71°53'0E and lies 34 miles south east from the city of Peshawar at an elevation of 4500ft on the west of the Khattak range, which divides the district of Nowshera from Kohat. During British rule Cherat was a hill sanitarium and cantonment in what was then the Naushahra Tahsil of Peshawar District (then part of British India). It was important as a hill cantonment and sanatorium for British troops. Cherat, which is 4,500 feet above sea-level, was first used as a sanitarium for troops in 1861 and was used during the hot weather as a health station for the British troops who were quartered in the hot and malarial valley of Peshawar. It was declared a cantonment in 1886. A hospital, a church, and a few bungalows were built by the British authorities. The station, which has a good water-supply, was throughout the summer the head-quarters of the Peshawar Division command, and of one of the two British regiments stationed at Peshawar - a detachment of the other British regiment was also sent here.The cantonment was in a strategic area for the British as the hill commands a view of the whole of the Peshawar valley on one side, and on the other of a portion of the Khwarra valley in Peshawar District, and of Kohat District as far as the Indus. The population, according to the Census of March, 1901, was only 376 (no Europeans), but in the hot season the garrison sometimes numbers 1,000 men. The fort is used as a base by the elite Special Services Group and is used for training of the army. As part of joint military events with several nations, Cherat is current hosting an Improving Command Course until 2010.
This district is rewarded by progress due to constant investment. A number of well-known figures of national and international repute belong to this place. A great poet, brave warlord and chieftain of major Khattak tribe Khushal khan khattak, was born and raised here. Another well regarded spiritual leader Pir of Manki Sharif, Maulana Abdul Haq; the founder of Daral Uloom Haqqania, Maulana Samiul Haq, Maulana Anwaarul Haq, Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Maulana Mujahid, Maulana Sher Ali Shah, Ex-Finance Minister & Senator Sartaj Aziz, Ex-Interior Minister Major General (rtd.) Naseer Ullah Baber recounts to Nowshera. Some renowned poets and writers, like; Samandar Khan Samandar, Abdullah Ustad and Ajmal Khattak etc. also belong to the same place. Similarly, a number of other political stalwarts, like; Pervez Khattak, Jan Muhammad Khattak, Nasrullah Khattak, Mian Muzaffer Shah, Liaqat Shabab, Mian Iftikhar Hussain, Ishaaq Khattak, Hamidul Haq and a number of other public representatives of national repute concern to this district.
The local government headed by the Nazim-e-Ala is supervising Nowshera district. The local government setup is comprised of 47 union councils, 12 town councils, 1 tehsil council and a district assembly. In addition, district coordination officer (DCO) is bridging local government and Govt. functionaries including; administering planning & finance activities of various developmental projects for the benefit of the masses, like; allocation of funds for various civic amenities, education, healthcare, W&S, agriculture etc. There are one district police headquarters, headed by the district police officer and 8 police stations functioning in the district jurisdiction. These police stations are situated in Nizampur, Khairabad, Akora, Nowshera cantt., Nowshera city, Risalpur, Azakhel and Pabbi. Nizampur is a town in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. It is located at 33°47'7N 72°1'27E and has an altitude of 329 meters (1082 feet). The area contains reserves of iron ore. The main village Nizampur is situated in Illaqa (Area) Khwara, falling in Nowshera district. Illaqa Khwara comprises about 35 main villages and some newly extended small settlements. This area is located on the right bank of river Indus and bordered to Khairabad town, Bahadur Baba shrine, Saidukhel village, Cherat cantonment and Darra Adamkhel area. Illaqa Khwara is suitable for cement industry, stone crushing machines, cottage industry, marble cutting and polishing industry, wooden furniture industry, fish farms, poultry farms, fruits and vegetables farms (Papaya, Orange, Lemon and Guava) and cattle farms.